Anthony Watts has dug up a paper about the sun (archived here). Dr. H.S. Ahluwalia from the University of New Mexico in the USA thinks he has seen a pattern in solar activity that he calls a three-cycle quasi-periodicity or TCQP. Using his TCQP, he's predicting declining solar irradiance culminating in 2050 in a lull equivalent to the Dalton minimum, which occurred from the late 18th to the early 19th century.
I looked up "three-cycle quasi-periodicity" and it appears that about the only person who promotes this is HS Ahluwalia.
I did find it studied in another paper, by RP Kane in JGR. Kane found no evidence of the three-cycle quasi-periodicity. On the other hand, HS Ahluwalia is mentioned in a paper by Clilverd as successfully predicting solar cycle 23 using this cycle. (Back in 1998, HS Ahluwalia predicted in this paper that solar cycle 23 would have an annual mean sunspot number count of 119.3 ± 30 at the maximum. According to Wikipedia, it was 120.8, which is almost spot on.) Anyway, I don't know whether this pattern exists or not. Solar specialist Leif Svalgard at WUWT says there is no evidence for it.
A little bit eccentric
The paper that Anthony Watts refers to is paywalled but I dug up what is probably a very similar paper from last year. From reading that paper I'd say that HS Ahluwalia is a little bit eccentric. The first part of the paper is all about solar activity and finding various patterns. Toward the end of the paper, HS Ahluwalia launches into a mish-mash of a discussion that ranges from the IPCC and climate, through to volcanoes, inflation (of prices), human population projections, food prices, Thomas Malthus, wheat, rice and famine.
Since 2011 HS Ahluwalia seems to have been promoting the idea that there will be another Dalton Minimum in the middle of this century. He also seems to be a climate contrarian. In this conference paper in which I think he first promoted the idea, he makes reference to Akasofu. And in the discussion section he once again drifts away from solar activity, this time to sea surface temperatures as well as food prices and other things.
The Dalton Minimum influence was not that great
Scientific research suggests that the Dalton minimum didn't have that much impact on global surface temperatures. Although it coincided with a marked drop in temperature, most of that drop is attributed to volcanic activity, particularly that of Mount Tambora in Indonesia in 1816. Below is a chart from the IPCC AR5 report, which shows the radiative forcings of solar, volcanic and well mixed greenhouse gases together with surface temperature. Click the image to enlarge it.
|Box TS-5 Figure 1 IPCC AR5 WG1|