Some highlights from the final draft agreement
Some of the main elements of the final draft agreement are:
- Keep well below 2C, and aim for no more than 1.5C
- Legally binding - a universal legal agreement
- Differentiated, depending on the circumstances and capacity of each nation
- Updated / stocktake every five years
- Includes an increased role for adaptation to climate change
- Cooperation on loss and damage - $1 billion a year at the base level to be be reviewed by 2025 (I think)
- Caters for: island states re sea level, Africa re development, South America re forest protection
- Also addressing food security, public health, poverty and peace.
What was said
To give a flavour of how the three speakers urged the world to come to an agreement (not word for word precisely - some via translation and hindered by my note-taking)
COP21 President H.E. Mr. Laurent Fabius
- Although not everyone will have got everything they wanted, we need to show the world that the whole is worth more than the sum of individual contributions.
- The best possible balance
- Powerful yet delicate
- (If we do not come to agreement) our children would not understand or forgive us.
- Leave no doubt on the sincerity of our commitment.
- Quoting Nelson Mandela "It always seems impossible until it's done." and "Success is built collectively."
- The world is holding its breath - it counts on all of us.
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon
- Promises to set the world on a new path to climate resilience
- The end is in sight
- Nature is sending urgent signals
- We must protect the planet that sustains us
- This is an immense opportunity of a clean energy, climate-resistant future
- Rise as one to the climate challenge
- Ours for the grasping.
President of France François Hollande
- We have to take that last step [on reaching this agreement]
- [This agreement is] ambitious but also realistic.
- A choice for your country, your continent, but also for the world.
- What brings everyone together is the planet itself
- Unprecedented in climate negotiations
The plan is for the meeting to reconvene at around 3:45 pm Paris time, after delegates have looked at the final draft, which is currently being translated.
It's Agreed - fossil fuels are on the way out
The deal is done. Agreement is reached. Now it's time to implement it and get on with the work of eliminating fossil fuels.
If you need to know the time for posterity - it was around 5:31 am on Sunday 13 December Australian Eastern Daylight Time and 7:31 pm Paris Time (CET) on Saturday 12 December 2015.
Sou - 13 December 2012 Australian time